The UK’s civil nuclear industry is made up of a variety of difference businesses and institutions, from universities to reactor operators, fuel fabricators and decommissioning experts. The interactive map outlines the structure of the industry and will help you understand what role each member of the industry plays. Click on a specific section of the industry and explore the various pillars behind it.

New Build

Westinghouse Electric Company

Westinghouse is a leading global nuclear company – providing nuclear fuel, reactor services and new power plants. In Britain, Westinghouse runs the Springfields fuel manufacturing plant in Preston, where around 1,800 people are employed.

The Westinghouse reactor design is the AP1000, the reactor’s modular design and use of passive safety both enhance the potential for local suppliers to play a key role. The Westinghouse “buy where we build” approach means the vast majority of the value of an AP1000 programme can come from UK suppliers – bringing up to £30 billion to the UK economy.

Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy, Ltd.

Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy, Ltd. was founded on 1 July 2007 as a strategic global alliance by Hitachi, Ltd. and General Electric Co. (Its US counterpart is “GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy “).

Hitachi-GE Nuclear Energy, Ltd. offers world top quality services of nuclear power plant construction and maintenance in synegetic cooperation with GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy.


AREVA supplies solutions for carbon-free power generation. As the global nuclear industry leader, AREVA’s unique integrated offer to utilities covers every stage of the fuel cycle, nuclear reactor design and construction, and related services. The group is also expanding considerably in renewable energies – wind, solar, bioenergies, hydrogen and storage.

The UK EPRTM power station design application submitted jointly by EDF Energy and AREVA was the first to successfully complete Generic Design Assessment and was accepted for use in the UK in December 2012.

NuGeneration Ltd (Toshiba)

NuGen is a UK nuclear company owned solely by Toshiba. NuGen’s Moorside project aims to develop a new generation nuclear power station of up to 3.8 GW gross capacity on land in West Cumbria, North West England.

NuGen recognises that major investment is required in the UK to respond to the three challenges: energy security, price stability and decarbonisation. NuGen believes that nuclear energy has a vital role to play in helping secure the UK’s future energy supplies, and in delivering clean, affordable, low-carbon electricity, as part of a balanced mix.

Horizon Nuclear Power (Hitachi,Ltd.)

Horizon Nuclear Power is a UK energy company developing a new generation of nuclear power stations to help meet the country’s need for stable and sustainable low carbon energy. With headquarters in Gloucestershire and a site office on Anglesey, the company is a wholly owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd. It is currently planning to deliver at least 5,400MW of electricity, enough power for around 10 million homes.

Horizon Nuclear Power have the resources, skills and experience to deliver safe low-carbon, baseload power for the UK, while creating thousands of jobs at each of its new power stations.

EDF Energy

EDF Energy, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the EDF Group, is an integrated energy company that participates in the generation, distribution of electricity and supply of electricity and gas in the UK.

It is the number one distributor of electricity providing power to a quarter of the UK’s population via electricity distribution networks in London, the South-East and the East of England. It is the number one supplier of electricity to major businesses as well as supplying gas and electricity to over 5.5 million business and residential customers.

EDF Energy, is the largest generator of electricity in the UK. It strongly believes nuclear has a key role to play in providing reliable, low carbon and affordable energy to the UK, helping to meet future demand. That’s why it is investing in nuclear new build projects at Hinkley Point and Sizewell.

Menter Newydd

Menter Newydd, meaning New Venture in Welsh, is a joint venture of Hitachi Nuclear Energy Europe, Ltd., Bechtel Management Company, Ltd. and JGC Corporation (UK) Ltd. and will be responsible for the construction of Wylfa Newydd, overseen by Horizon Nuclear Power.

Combined, the Menter Newydd partners have been involved in the delivery of more than 170 nuclear power stations, as well as a huge array of complex infrastructure mega-projects. Hitachi Nuclear Energy Europe draws on Hitachi’s 50 year history of Boiling Water Reactor deployment, including four ABWRs, the technology that will be built at Wylfa Newydd, whilst Bechtel last year completed construction of the first nuclear power station authorised to operate in the USA this century, at Watts Bar in Tennessee.

NNB Generation Company (NNB GenCo)

NNB GenCo is a subsidiary created by EDF Energy to build and operate two new nuclear power stations.
EDF originally entered the UK nuclear industry with the acquisition of British Energy in 2009. At the same time, it established NNB GenCo as a separate subsidiary for the construction of additional new nuclear plants.

The company’s plans include building four new nuclear reactors adjacent to existing plants, two at Hinkley Point C in Somerset and two at Sizewell C in Suffolk. Areva’s European Pressurized Reactor is the preferred design for the sites.


UK Trade and Investment (UKTI)

UKTI works with UK-based businesses to ensure their export success in international markets, and encourage the best overseas companies to look to the UK as their global partner of choice.

Department for International Trade (DIT)

DIT is responsible for promoting British trade across the world and ensuring the UK takes advantage of available opportunities. It is responsible for:

  • developing, coordinating and delivering a new trade and investment policy to promote UK business across the globe
  • developing and negotiating free trade agreements and market access deals with non-EU countries
  • negotiating plurilateral trade deals (focused on specific sectors or products)
  • providing operational support for exports and facilitating inward and outward investment

Sellafield Limited

Sellafield Limited is the Site Licence Company responsible for safely delivering decommissioning, reprocessing, nuclear waste management and fuel manufacturing activities at the Sellafield site in Cumbria, on behalf of the NDA. Sellafield Limited transferred to NDA ownership on 1 April 2016.

The company has sites at Sellafield in Cumbria and Capenhurst in Cheshire as well as an extensive engineering design capability based at Risley in Warrington.

Radioactive Waste Management (RWM)

On 1 April 2014 RWM was established as an NDA subsidiary. As a legal entity in its own right, RWM will be able to apply for and hold the regulatory permits and licences required for the siting, construction and operation of a geological disposal facility.

RWM is responsible for implementing geological disposal of higher activity radioactive waste in England and Wales. It carries out preparatory work to plan for geological disposal. No suitable sites have been identified yet, so this work is generic.

International Nuclear Services (INS)

INS is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the NDA and has extensive and proven expertise in irradiated fuel management and nuclear material transportation.

It offers customers a wide range of consultancy services, strategic assessments and feasibility studies relating to irradiated fuel management and transportation. It also supports utility customers and government agencies with advice on the strategic and technical options relating to the back end of the fuel cycle.

Direct Rail Services (DRS)

DRS is a wholly owned subsidiary of the NDA. The company was established in 1995 as a lynch pin supplier of transport and associated services to the nuclear industry.

Today DRS is a profitable and dynamic business that is achieving sustained growth with current turnover
levels running at around £75 million a year and employing more than 400 staff. Whilst DRS continues to support the decommissioning activities of its parent company, it has successfully extended its service offerings into a number of new and exciting rail market sectors.

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA)

The NDA is a non-departmental public body, created through the Energy Act 2004, responsible for the decommissioning and clean-up of the UK’s civil public sector nuclear sites. The sponsoring Government department is the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).

The NDA is responsible for developing UK-wide nuclear Low Level Waste strategy and plans; the long-term management arrangements for the UK’s higher radioactive wastes; and 17 former UKAEA and BNFL sites.

Civil Nuclear Constabulary (CNC)

The CNC is the armed police force in charge of protecting civil nuclear sites and nuclear materials in England, Scotland and Wales. It employs over 1,500 police officers and members of staff at nuclear sites throughout the UK. It polices each site in line with Nuclear Industry Security Regulations.
CNC also work with local police services, nuclear regulators and the Home Office.

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)

BEIS brings together responsibilities for business, industrial strategy, science, innovation, energy, and climate change. It is responsible for:

  • developing and delivering a comprehensive industrial strategy and leading the government’s relationship with business
  • ensuring the country has secure energy supplies that are reliable, affordable and clean
  • ensuring the UK remains at the leading edge of science, research and innovation
  • tackling climate change


Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA)

SEPA is Scotland’s environmental regulator and its main role is to protect and improve the environment.

SEPA is a non-departmental public body, accountable through Scottish Ministers to the Scottish Parliament. SEPA has been advising Scottish Ministers, regulated businesses, industry and the public on environmental best practice for over a decade.

Office for Nuclear Regulation (ONR)

ONR is responsible for regulation of nuclear safety and security across the UK. Its mission is to provide efficient and effective regulation of the nuclear industry, holding it to account on behalf of the public.

ONR secures the protection of people and society from the hazards of the nuclear industry, by ensuring compliance with relevant legislation and by influencing the nuclear industry to maintain an excellent health, safety and security culture.

Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

HSE is the national independent watchdog for work-related health, safety and illness. As an independent regulator HSE act in the public interest to reduce work-related death and serious injury across Great Britain’s workplaces.

Environment Agency (EA)

The EA is an Executive non-departmental public body responsible to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and an Assembly Sponsored Public Body responsible to the National Assembly for Wales.

The principal aims are to protect and improve the environment, and to promote sustainable development. The EA plays a central role in delivering the environmental priorities of central government and the Welsh Assembly Government through its functions and roles.

Industry Supporting Bodies

Nuclear Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (Nuclear AMRC)

Nuclear AMRC works with companies along the UK civil nuclear manufacturing supply chain. The Nuclear AMRC is based on the same collaborative model as the highly successful University of Sheffield AMRC with Boeing, and is backed by leading companies and government.

Nuclear AMRC combines the manufacturing and engineering expertise of The University of Sheffield, with the nuclear and materials technology capacity of The University of Manchester’s Dalton Nuclear Institute.

NOF Energy

NOF Energy is a leading business development organisation for companies involved in the UK oil, gas, nuclear and offshore renewables sectors.

The key focus for the organisation is the oil and gas sector but NOF Energy is becoming increasingly active in both the nuclear and offshore renewables sectors. The oil and gas supply chain has products, services, skills and technologies which are transferrable to other related energy sectors.

A wide range of business support services means members have access to networking and new business opportunities.

Confederation of British Industry (CBI)

The CBI is the premier lobbying organisation for UK business whose mission is to help create and sustain the conditions in which businesses in the United Kingdom can compete and prosper for the bene t of all.

The CBI has led the calls for electricity market reform in order to unlock the private sector investment in nuclear and other technologies in order to meet climate change targets, secure supply and maintain affordable, competitive energy prices.

Scottish Enterprise

Scottish Enterprise is Scotland’s main economic, enterprise, innovation and investment agency with the ultimate goal to stimulate sustainable growth of Scotland’s economy.

Scottish Enterprise work in partnership with universities, colleges, local authorities and other public sector bodies to achieve these goals and to maximise their contribution to the Government’s Economic Strategy. Scottish Enterprise is mainly funded by the Scottish Government, although money is raised as part of the budget from other sources, such as property rental and disposal of assets.

East of England Energy Group (EEEGR)

EEEGR is the industry and skills association for energy producers and their supply chain in the East of England, representing over 300 members across the sector.

EEEGR’s mission is to be the source of new opportunities and knowledge to enable member companies to strategically grow their businesses.

Business West

Business West is an independent business leadership organisation, representing and working with over 21,000 businesses across the South West.

As the local access point for a whole host of business and export solutions, it aims to support and grow business in the UK and overseas and can help by:

  • connecting businesses through our Chambers of Commerce
  • challenging Government about national and local business policy
  • providing business learning opportunities
  • supporting businesses to start-up and grow
  • connecting your business overseas

Somerset Chamber of Commerce

EDF Energy and its partner investors are close to starting the multi-billion construction of Hinkley Point C which is a proposed 3.2 GW nuclear power plant with two EPR reactors (each of 1.6GW).

As part of its procurement strategy for Hinkley Point C, EDF Energy has partnered with the Somerset Chamber of Commerce to manage the Hinkley Supply Chain Team which is delivering a supply chain solution for EDF Energy and its contractors by engaging with both Somerset and South West businesses that want to become part of the supply chain.

With 90 Tier 1 contractors each planning to deliver £100’s of million value contracts and each with multiple Tier 2 and 3 supply chain requirements the opportunity for local and south west suppliers is both large and complex.

Centre of Nuclear Excellence (CoNE)

The CoNE has been established to help deliver the Nuclear Industry Strategy and regional socio-economic plans. It will also provide a global reach bene ting UK plc; economically and reputationally as a centre of specialist skills, innovation and a place to do business. Having such a centre will maximise domestic capability, expose the UK’s leading abilities in this sector to international markets, underpin research and development and enhance skills which have international value.

CoNE has set out three ambitions which will demonstrate that nuclear excellence already exists in Cumbria, build on the excellent expertise and facilities that already exist in Cumbria and; establish Cumbria’s reputation as one of the UK’s Centre’s of Nuclear Excellence. These objectives will be supported by three main pillars: Engineering, Education and Enterprise.

Britain’s Energy Coast Business Cluster (BECBC)

BECBC is harnessing the power of the environment and the world-class skills base in Cumbria to become a major generator of, and centre of excellence in, low carbon and renewable energy.
A collective of public and private sector partners, BECBC is supporting Britain’s response to the pressing challenges of climate change and energy security, whilst also aiming to transform the local Cumbrian economies at the same time.

The initiative includes the construction of at least one new nuclear power station along with improvements to the electricity transmission network, infrastructure, decommissioning, research and development, education, skills and enterprise as well as the development of other renewable and low carbon energy sources.

Anglesey Energy Island

The Anglesey Energy IslandTM Programme is a collective effort between several stakeholders within the public and private sector working in partnership to put Anglesey at the forefront of energy research and development, production and servicing, bringing with it potentially huge economic rewards.

The Energy Island Programme could contribute nearly £12 billion to the Anglesey and North Wales economy over the next 15 years. The programme will be a vehicle for employment growth and development opportunities.

Harnessing a rich mix of energy streams, including nuclear, wind, tidal, biomass and solar; together with associated servicing projects provides major potential to achieve economic, social and environmental gains for Anglesey and the wider North Wales region.

Skills Development Bodies


Semta is the Sector Skills Council for Science, Engineering and Manufacturing Technologies, supporting UK businesses of all sizes in achieving global competitiveness through investment in skills.

Every business depends on the skills of its workforce to drive productivity, growth and success. Semta works with companies in the aerospace, automotive, bioscience, electrical, electronics, maintenance, marine, mathematics, mechanical, metals and engineered metal products sectors to understand skills needs and provide solutions to meet those needs.

National College for Nuclear (NCfN)

A new National College for Nuclear will train future workers and develop world class skills in the UK’s thriving nuclear industry.

The college, a partnership between Government and nuclear employers, led by EDF Energy and Sellafield Ltd, will be based at two hubs in Bridgewater in Somerset and West Cumbria, close to major sites of nuclear investment.

The two hubs will provide a reactor simulator and virtual reality engineering learning facilities, offering high-tech specialist training to meet the skills needs of nuclear industry employers across the UK.

Engineering Construction Industry Training Board (ECITB)

The Engineering Construction Industry Training Board provides professional advice, information, skills development and qualifications to help individuals within engineering construction succeed in their chosen careers. Working closely with industry employers, the training programmes and Vocational Qualifications guarantee competence in practical craft and technician occupations as well as the technical, management supervisory, design and project management skills needed both on and off site.

Construction Industry Training Board (CITB)

CITB Construction Skills is the Sector Skills Council and Industry Training Board for the construction industry, working with industry, for industry to deliver a safe, professional and fully qualified UK construction workforce. It works with construction companies to help them improve skills, increase their competitive edge and respond to the many challenges employers face – from the low carbon agenda, through to reducing costs on-site and recruiting the best and brightest talent for their sector.

Cogent Skills

Cogent Skills is the UK’s strategic body for skills in the science industries, led by sector employers. It works with them to develop, design and deploy skills solutions for the science industries.

All of its products and services are designed with science industry employers, are underpinned by national standards and meet the unique requirements of the sector.

Industries covered include chemicals, polymers, biotechnology, life sciences, pharmaceuticals, healthcare, bio medical technologies, environmental technologies, bio medical devices, nuclear and organisations that devote the majority of their efforts in the various stages of research, development, technology transfer and commercialisation.

National Skills Academy for Nuclear (NSAN)

NSAN works with training providers and companies from across the nuclear industry – both civil and defence – to provide support and solutions to the skills issues experienced by those committed to the successful delivery of the
planned UK nuclear programme.

NSAN is led by its employer members and positions employers at the forefront of skills development for the industry by providing a non-competitive forum for businesses to come together and discuss future challenges and solutions, engaging with providers when required.

Nuclear Skills Strategy Group (NSSG)

NSSG will develop a long-term Skills Strategy for the UK Nuclear sector, with reference to the Government’s Nuclear Industrial Strategy.

It will embrace the skills challenge brought about by a new fleet of nuclear power stations, the continued decommissioning of existing facilities and safe operation of existing facilities.

Research & Development


British further and higher education institutions have been teaching in the field of nuclear science and engineering for more than 50 years, offering a variety of relevant courses and qualifications.

The UK Nuclear University Network is a comprehensive website for all UK nuclear university information. It has links to all undergraduate and postgraduate taught nuclear courses in the UK as well as major research groups and consortia. It provides links to relevant conferences and reports of interest to the nuclear community.


ITER (Latin for “the way”…the way towards fusion energy) is a large scale, international scientific research and engineering project that could help to make the transition from today’s studies of plasma physics to future electricity-producing fusion power plants.

Innovate UK

Innovate UK is the UK’s innovation agency. It works with people, companies and partner organisations to find and drive the science and technology innovations that will grow the UK economy.

It drives growth by working with companies to de-risk, enable and support innovation. To do this, it works to:

  • determine which science and technology developments will drive future economic growth
  • meet UK innovators with great ideas in the fields it is focused on
  • fund the strongest opportunities
  • connect innovators with the right partners they need to succeed
  • help innovators launch, build and grow successful businesses

Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE)

Culham Science Centre is one of the UK’s most prestigious research centres with a strong focus upon cutting-edge science and technology. The Centre is owned and operated by the UKAEA and is the home of the UK’s fusion research programme, known as the Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE), and the world’s largest fusion experimental facility, JET. Culham is also the location of the UKAEA headquarters.

UK Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA)

UKAEA is an executive non-departmental public body, sponsored by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy. Originally formed in 1954 to carry out nuclear research for the UK Government, the Authority now manages the UK fusion research programme and operates the Joint European Torus (JET) on behalf of the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) at Culham, Oxfordshire.

In addition, the Authority continues to manage the records service for the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority at Harwell, and owns land at both the Harwell and Culham sites in Oxfordshire, where thriving science parks have been set up.

National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL)

NNL plays a key role in the UK and global nuclear industry by:

  • helping to reduce the cost of clean-up and decommissioning
  • maintaining critical skills
  • attracting new people to the industry
  • working with NNLs around the world

It is the only UK organisation with the skills, facilities and expertise to provide technical support in all aspects of the nuclear industry.

Learned Societies & Professional Bodies

Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng)

As Britain’s national academy for engineering, RAEng bring together the country’s most eminent engineers from all disciplines to promote excellence in the science, art and practice of engineering. Its strategic priorities are to enhance the UK’s engineering capabilities; to celebrate excellence and inspire the next generation; and to lead debate by guiding informed thinking and influencing public policy.

The Academy’s work programmes are driven by enhancing national capabilities, recognising excellence and inspiring the next generation, and leading debate. Each of these strategic priorities provides a key contribution to a strong and vibrant engineering sector and to the health and wealth of society.

Nuclear Institute

The Nuclear Institute is the UK membership organisation for Nuclear Professionals.
It maintains the standards of professionalism in the nuclear sector through its code of conduct and the Nuclear Delta®

Of most importance to the Nuclear Institute is the education and training of nuclear professionals, as well as the understanding of the nuclear industry from the wider public. As a learned society it also acts as the independent voice of the industry.

Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE)

IMechE is the fastest growing professional engineering institution in the UK with 80,000 members working at the heart of the country’s most important and dynamic industries.

IMechE works with leading companies, universities and think tanks to create and share knowledge to provide Government, businesses and the public with fresh thinking and authoritative guidance on all aspects of mechanical engineering.

Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE)

The ICE is a global membership organisation that promotes and advances civil engineering around the world. The purpose is to qualify professionals engaged in civil engineering, exchange knowledge and best practice, and promote their contribution to society.

Membership is available to civil engineers, technicians and technical/scientific specialists at every stage of their professional career, from students and apprentices to senior board directors. Attainment of ICE’s professionally qualified grades of membership are widely viewed as a significant personal achievement and a benchmark of a technician’s or engineer’s competences and professional standing.

Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE)

IChemE is the global professional membership organisation for chemical engineering professionals and anyone involved with the process industries, including the emerging bioprocess sector. With over 44,000 members in over 120 countries, IChemE is the only organisation that awards the internationally-recognised qualifications of Chartered Chemical Engineer and Professional Process Safety Engineer.
It sets the standards for chemical and process safety engineering professionals. It supports its members and the wider chemical engineering community through a team of professional staff based in Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore and the UK.

Institute of Physics (IOP)

The IOP is a scientific charity devoted to increasing the practice, understanding and application of physics.

It has a worldwide membership of around 40,000 and is a leading communicator of physics related science to all audiences, from specialists through to government and the general public. Its publishing company, IOP Publishing, is a world leader in scientific publishing and the electronic dissemination of physics.

Chartered Quality Institute (CQI)

The CQI is the chartered body for quality management professionals. Established in 1919 as the Institute of Quality Assurance, the Institute gained a Royal Charter in 2006, and became the CQI shortly afterwards in January 2007.

The CQI Nuclear Special Interest Group (NucSIG) provides a forum for CQI members (and quality professionals in the nuclear sector who are considering membership) to maintain awareness, share experience and knowledge with their peers and to aid their professional development.

Chartered Institute of Purchasing & Supply (CIPS)

CIPS is the leading body representing the field of purchasing and supply chain management. Established in 1932, it has grown to become the central reference for industry best practice and its code of conduct is the standard around the world. In 1992 it was awarded a Royal Charter in recognition of its status as a centre of excellence and support for the profession.

CIPS exists to promote and develop high standards of professional skill, ability and integrity among all those engaged in purchasing and supply chain management. CIPS assists individuals, organisations and the profession as a whole.

Trade Unions


GMB is a campaigning trade union focused on protecting GMB members in its workplaces and growing their members in order to strengthen the union’s power.

GMB has almost 639,000 members working in every part of the economy and as it is a general union anyone can join. The union has a wide and diverse cross section of Britain’s society, in every part of the UK economy doing every type of job.


Unite was formed by a merger between two of Britain’s leading unions, the T&G and Amicus. It was created to meet the challenges facing working people in the 21st century and is a democratic and campaigning union which fights back for employees in the workplace. It takes trade unionism out to the millions of unorganised workers and is a union that stands up for equality for all and advances its members interests politically. Unite is also active on a global scale building ever stronger links with trade unions around the world to confront the challenges of the globalised economy.


Prospect is an independent, thriving and forward-looking growing trade union in the UK. Prospect members are engineers, scientists, managers and specialists in areas as diverse as agriculture, defence, energy, environment, heritage, shipbuilding and transport. Prospect is the largest union in the UK representing professional engineers.

Prospect is the largest union in the UK civil nuclear sector and they have been powerful advocates of nuclear generation as part of a balanced energy policy.

Trade Unionists for Safe Nuclear Energy (TUSNE)

TUSNE, trade unionists for safe energy, is an informal grouping of trade unionists who support a strong, safe nuclear sector contributing to the diversity of our energy needs within a balanced energy sector. The organisation’s executive committee is made up of senior officials from the major trade unions within the energy industry.

TUSNE provides a forum of debate about energy issues, and regularly attends trade union and political conferences across the UK.

Existing Generation

EDF Energy

EDF Energy produce more low-carbon electricity than any other generator in the UK.

It owns and operates eight nuclear power stations with a combined capacity of almost 9,000 megawatts. It operates two types of nuclear reactor: the advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR); and a pressurised water reactor (PWR). Sizewell B is the only PWR nuclear power station in the portfolio.

Existing Decommissioning, Reprocessing, & Waste Management Contracts and Workstreams

Springfields Fuels Ltd

Springfields, near Preston, has provided nuclear fuel fabrication services since the mid-1940s; it was the first plant in the world to produce fuel for a commercial power station.

The site has witnessed many changes over the years and today it is run and operated by Springfields Fuels Limited, under the management of Westinghouse Electric UK Limited.


Westinghouse provides fully integrated services and solutions to the decommissioning, dismantling and waste management industries and provides innovative and proven solutions for spent fuel services.

Westinghouse offers a full complement of nuclear services to operating nuclear reactors and full decommissioning and remediation services for all reactors at the end of their operational life.

Capenhurst Nuclear Services (CNS)

CNS has been in operation since 2012. It provides responsible materials management and uranic stewardship for the nuclear industry.

It regularly monitors water supplies, air quality and energy emissions (CO2 and direct/indirect energy), as well as carry out Environmental Impact Assessment of all activities within the licensed site. Its activities are also subject to scrutiny by the Office for Nuclear Regulation and the Environment Agency.


URENCO operates in a pivotal area of the nuclear fuel supply chain which ends with the sustainable generation of electricity for consumers around the world. The supply chain itself can be subdivided into four key processes: mining; conversion; enrichment; and fabrication. With its industry-leading centrifugal technology and around 25% global market share, URENCO is firmly positioned in the enrichment stage, which is the highest value added segment of the supply chain.

URENCO’s principal activity is the provision of a service to enrich uranium to provide fuel for nuclear power utilities. Its enrichment service is mostly provided on a toll basis using customers’ uranium.

Sellafield Ltd

Sellafield Ltd is the company responsible for safely delivering decommissioning, reprocessing, nuclear waste management and fuel manufacturing activities on behalf of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority.

The company has sites at Sellafield in Cumbria and Capenhurst in Cheshire as well as an extensive engineering design capability based at Risley in Warrington.

Dounreay Site Restoration Ltd

Dounreay Site Restoration Limited (DSRL) is the site licence company responsible for the closure programme at Britain’s former centre of fast reactor research and development.

DSRL has held the site licence, waste disposal authorisation and other necessary legal permits for managing the site since 1 April 2008. Prior to 2008, the UK Atomic Energy Authority was the licensee.

Since 1 April 2012, the company has been a wholly-owned subsidiary of Cavendish Dounreay Partnership – a consortium of Cavendish Nuclear, CH2M and AECOM.

Cavendish Dounreay Partnership Ltd

Cavendish Dounreay Partnership Ltd, is a consortium of Cavendish Nuclear, CH2MHILL and AECOM. It is funded by the NDA to deliver the site closure programme at Dounreay in Scotland.

Magnox Limited

Magnox Limited, owned by Cavendish Fluor Partnership Limited, is the management and operations contractor responsible for safely managing 12 nuclear sites in the UK, working for the sites’ owner, the NDA.

Magnox is responsible for managing the sites through their lifecycles, overseeing all aspects of electricity generation when the sites were operational, defuelling and decommissioning. Once its work is complete sites can be released for a new use.

Cavendish Fluor Partnership Ltd

Cavendish Fluor Partnership is a joint venture between British company Cavendish Nuclear and US company Fluor Corporation, responsible for decommissioning 12 nuclear sites located throughout England, Wales, and Scotland.

All of those sites were in various stages of shutdown when the NDA awarded the contract to the Cavendish Fluor Partnership, except for Wylfa nuclear power station which closed at the end of 2015. Those 12 sites comprise 10 Magnox and two Research Sites Restoration Limited sites, which together, provided nuclear power to the UK for more than four decades.

Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA)

The NDA is a non-departmental public body, created through the Energy Act 2004, responsible for the decommissioning and clean-up of the UK’s civil public sector nuclear sites. The sponsoring Government department is the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).

The NDA is responsible for developing UK-wide nuclear Low Level Waste strategy and plans; the long-term management arrangements for the UK’s higher radioactive wastes; and 17 former UKAEA and BNFL sites.

Radioactive Waste Management (RWM)

On 1 April 2014 RWM was established as an NDA subsidiary. As a legal entity in its own right, RWM will be able to apply for and hold the regulatory permits and licences required for the siting, construction and operation of a geological disposal facility.

RWM is responsible for implementing geological disposal of higher activity radioactive waste in England and Wales. It carries out preparatory work to plan for geological disposal. No suitable sites have been identified yet, so this work is generic.

Low Level Waste Repository Ltd (LLWR)

LLW Repository Ltd is a waste management company that provides services to customers to treat and dispose of low level radioactive waste, produced by hospitals, industry and nuclear energy. Low level waste comprises of paper, rags, tools and clothing, and is 90% of the volume but only 1% of the radioactivity.

It manages the national Low Level Waste Repository in West Cumbria on behalf of the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) and oversees a National LLW Programme to ensure that lower activity waste is managed effectively across the UK.

UK Nuclear Waste Management Ltd (UKNWM)

UK Nuclear Waste Management Ltd (UKNWM) is a consortium that holds the Management and Operations contract for LLW Repository Ltd and is referred to as the Parent Body Organisation (PBO).

UKNWM consists of AECOM, one of the world’s largest firms in the construction and engineering sector, Studsvik UK, who provide recognised expertise in the treatment and management of nuclear waste and Areva, the world’s largest nuclear service provider. UKNWM has been the Parent Body Organisation for LLW Repository Ltd since 1 April 2008 and will remain so until 31 March 2018.